What are the disadvantages of a VA loan? Detailed Guide

VA loans offer numerous benefits, they also come with certain drawbacks or considerations that borrowers should be aware of when considering this type of mortgage. Here’s an in-depth look at the disadvantages of VA loans:

Disadvantages of VA Loans:

1. Funding Fee:

  • Requirement for Most Borrowers: VA loans typically have a funding fee, which varies based on factors like down payment, service type, and whether it’s a first-time or subsequent use of the benefit.
  • Added Cost: This fee can range from 1.4% to 3.6% of the loan amount, increasing the upfront cost of borrowing.

2. Property Eligibility and Appraisal Process:

  • Stringent Property Requirements: Homes financed with VA loans must meet specific VA property standards, potentially limiting the options available to borrowers.
  • Rigorous Appraisal Process: VA appraisals can be more stringent than conventional appraisals, and issues with the property condition can lead to required repairs or renovations before approval.

3. Seller Concessions:

  • Limitations on Closing Costs: The VA restricts the amount of allowable seller concessions, potentially limiting negotiation flexibility compared to other loan types.

4. Occupancy Requirement:

  • Primary Residence: VA loans are intended for primary residences. Borrowers are expected to occupy the purchased property as their primary residence within a reasonable time frame.

5. Assumption of Loan:

  • VA Loan Assumption: While VA loans are assumable, the assumption process requires the new borrower to meet VA eligibility requirements and receive approval from the VA, potentially limiting the transfer of the loan.

6. Residual Income Requirement:

  • Residual Income Evaluation: VA lenders assess borrowers’ residual income (income after expenses) to ensure they can afford living expenses after mortgage payments.
  • Possible Limitation: Some borrowers may find it challenging to meet the residual income requirements, affecting loan eligibility.

7. VA Loan Limits:

  • Loan Limits: VA loans might have certain limits on the loan amount that can be borrowed without a down payment. Buyers seeking higher-priced homes may need to make a down payment to cover the excess amount.


While VA loans offer significant advantages, it’s essential to consider their drawbacks when evaluating mortgage options. The funding fee, property eligibility and appraisal requirements, limitations on seller concessions, occupancy requirements, and residual income evaluations are among the key considerations for potential disadvantages of VA loans.

However, for many eligible borrowers, the benefits often outweigh these drawbacks. VA loans remain an excellent option for veterans, active-duty service members, and qualifying spouses, providing an opportunity for accessible homeownership with favorable terms and benefits. Borrowers considering VA loans should weigh these drawbacks against the benefits and consult with lenders or financial advisors to make informed decisions based on their individual circumstances and homeownership goals.

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